Common Problems With Self-leveling Concrete

Common problems with self-leveling concrete

Self-leveling concrete is not without its challenges. Common problems encountered with self-leveling concrete include uneven application, insufficient mixing, over-mixing, and rapid setting times.

Uneven application can lead to an uneven surface finish and result in weakened structural integrity.

Insufficient mixing can cause a lack of cohesion within the concrete mixture, leading to cracking and surface defects. 

Over-mixing can lead to air bubbles forming within the mixture, which can create weak spots and impact the overall quality of the surface finish.

Rapid setting times can be problematic when working with larger areas, as it can lead to a rushed application process and result in a subpar finish.

It is important to take proper precautions to prevent these issues from occurring and to address them promptly if they do arise.

This can include following manufacturer guidelines, ensuring proper mixing and application techniques, and monitoring the concrete closely throughout the installation process.

Uneven Surface

An uneven surface is a common problem encountered with self-leveling concrete that can weaken the structural integrity of the surface and lead to a subpar finish. 

Causes of uneven surface

Uneven surfaces can occur due to a variety of factors, including improper mixing or application techniques, variations in the substrate, or fluctuations in temperature or humidity. 

How to identify an uneven surface

Identifying an uneven surface can be done by visually inspecting the surface for any noticeable dips, bumps, or deviations from the desired level. A straightedge or laser level can also be used to assess the surface for any high or low spots. 

Solutions for fixing an uneven surface

Solutions for fixing an uneven surface can vary depending on the severity of the problem. Minor unevenness can often be addressed through sanding or grinding the surface to level it out, followed by reapplication of the self-leveling concrete. 

For more significant unevenness, a self-leveling underlayment can be used to fill in any low spots before applying the self-leveling concrete.

It is important to properly address any unevenness in the surface to ensure proper structural integrity and a high-quality finish.

This can be achieved by following manufacturer guidelines, using proper mixing and application techniques, and regularly monitoring the surface throughout the installation process.


Cracks in self-leveling concrete can occur for various reasons, and understanding their types, causes, and identification is crucial to their formation and effectively fixing them. 

Types of cracks

There are several types of cracks in self-leveling concrete, such as plastic shrinkage cracks, drying shrinkage cracks, settlement cracks, and structural cracks. 

Causes of cracks

The causes of these cracks can be attributed to a variety of factors, such as excessive moisture in the substrate, inadequate preparation of the substrate, improper mixing or application of the self-leveling concrete, and the use of low-quality materials.

How to identify cracks

Identifying cracks in self-leveling concrete can be done through visual inspection using specialized equipment such as a crack gauge. 

Solutions for fixing cracks

To fix these cracks, it is essential to choose the appropriate repair method depending on the type and severity of the crack.

For instance, small hairline cracks can be fixed with a simple injection of epoxy or polyurethane, while larger cracks may require more extensive repairs such as the use of reinforcing materials or the complete removal and replacement of the affected section.

Understanding the types and causes of cracks in self-leveling concrete, as well as knowing how to identify and effectively fix them, is crucial for ensuring the longevity and durability of concrete surfaces.

By taking proactive measures to prevent cracks from forming and using appropriate repair methods when necessary, it is possible to maintain the structural integrity and appearance of self-leveling concrete surfaces.

Blisters or Bubbles

Blisters or bubbles are a common problem that can occur during the installation of self-leveling concrete.

Blisters are caused by the entrapment of air or other gases between the substrate and the self-leveling concrete, which creates a bubble-like formation on the surface. 

Causes of blisters or bubbles

The causes of blisters or bubbles can be attributed to various factors, such as moisture in the substrate, inadequate surface preparation, improper mixing or application of self-leveling concrete, and the use of low-quality materials.

How to identify blisters or bubbles

Identifying blisters or bubbles in self-leveling concrete can be done through visual inspection, where the surface appears to have raised bumps or bubbles.

Another way is to tap the surface with a hammer, and if it sounds hollow, then there may be the presence of blisters or bubbles.

Solutions for fixing blisters or bubbles

Fixing blisters or bubbles in self-leveling concrete involves removing the affected area and replacing it with fresh self-leveling concrete.

This process can be time-consuming and expensive, so it is crucial to take preventative measures to avoid the formation of blisters or bubbles.

This includes ensuring proper surface preparation, applying a primer before self-leveling concrete, and using a quality self-leveling concrete material. It is also important to apply the self-leveling concrete correctly, including avoiding over or under-mixing and following the manufacturer’s guidelines.

In summary, taking proactive measures to prevent blisters or bubbles in self-leveling concrete is critical to avoid costly and time-consuming repairs.

By identifying the causes of blisters or bubbles and following appropriate installation procedures, it is possible to ensure a smooth, durable, and aesthetically pleasing self-leveling concrete surface.


Staining is a common problem that can occur in self-leveling concrete, which can negatively impact its appearance and durability. 

Causes of staining

Staining can occur due to various factors such as spills from liquids, oils, or chemicals, or from the penetration of water or other contaminants into the concrete surface.

The causes of staining can also be attributed to inadequate surface preparation or the use of low-quality self-leveling concrete materials.

How to identify staining

Identifying staining in self-leveling concrete can be done through visual inspection where discoloration or darkening of the surface is evident.

Other indicators of staining include a change in texture or the appearance of efflorescence or white powdery substances on the surface.

Solutions for fixing staining

Fixing staining in self-leveling concrete involves several steps, depending on the severity and cause of the staining. The first step is to remove any surface contaminants using a specialized cleaner or degrease. Then, the surface should be rinsed thoroughly with water and allowed to dry. If the staining is persistent, a stain remover specifically designed for concrete surfaces can be used.

To prevent staining, it is essential to ensure proper surface preparation before the application of self-leveling concrete. This includes removing any existing stains or contaminants, as well as applying a protective sealant or coating to prevent future staining. It is also crucial to avoid the use of harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaning methods on the surface.

In conclusion, preventing and fixing staining in self-leveling concrete requires proactive measures such as proper surface preparation, the use of quality self-leveling concrete materials, and the application of a protective sealant. Identifying and addressing staining issues promptly can help maintain the appearance and durability of self-leveling concrete surfaces.


Curling is a prevalent issue that can occur in concrete floors, particularly in large, flat surfaces. This phenomenon is characterized by the upward or downward deformation of the edges or corners of a concrete slab, resulting in an uneven surface.

Causes of curling

The primary causes of curling in concrete are related to the differences in temperature and moisture within the slab, inconsistencies in the concrete’s mixture, and improper finishing and curing techniques.

How to identify curling

Identifying curling is relatively straightforward. It is usually visible in the form of a noticeable curve or bend in the slab’s edges or corners. In some cases, curling may cause the floor to be uneven or create tripping hazards. It can also result in cracking and other forms of surface damage.

Solutions for fixing curling

Solutions for fixing curling typically involve addressing the underlying causes.

For instance, ensuring that the concrete mixture is consistent, employing proper finishing and curing techniques, and monitoring temperature and moisture levels within the slab can help prevent curling.

If curling has already occurred, remedial measures may include grinding down high spots, adding a leveling compound, or installing a joint system.

In some cases, more drastic measures may be necessary, such as removing and replacing the affected portion of the slab.


Prevention is always better than cure, and this is particularly true when it comes to self-leveling concrete. 

Best practices for avoiding problems with self-leveling concrete

There are several best practices that can help avoid issues with self-leveling concrete and ensure that floors remain smooth, level, and durable over time.

One of the most critical best practices for preventing issues with self-leveling concrete is proper surface preparation. This includes removing all dirt, debris, and other contaminants from the surface before applying the self-leveling compound. Any cracks or gaps in the substrate should also be filled before the compound is applied.

It is also essential to ensure that the self-leveling compound is mixed and applied according to the manufacturer’s instructions. This includes using the correct water-to-powder ratio and allowing the compound to dry completely before installing any flooring materials.

Another critical best practice is to monitor the ambient temperature and humidity levels during installation. Extreme temperature fluctuations or high humidity levels can affect the curing process, resulting in an uneven surface or other issues.

Maintenance tips

Regular maintenance is also necessary to keep self-leveling concrete floors in good condition.

This includes cleaning the surface regularly to remove dirt, dust, and other debris, as well as addressing any spills or stains promptly.

Avoid using harsh cleaning chemicals that could damage the surface, and ensure that any furniture or equipment placed on the floor has proper padding to prevent scratches and dents.

Concrete Drys out Fast

Self-leveling compounds can dry quite quickly. To mix, pour, and spread out the self-leveling mixture, you may only have around 20 minutes. As a result, having all of the equipment and supplies necessary for mixing, pouring, and distributing the self-leveling compound is critical.

Staggering Basement Floor

On the subfloor or the surface where the tiles are to be installed, self-leveling chemicals do not provide stability. The self-leveling compound may break up if the wood subfloor loosens, causing the leveling floor to loosen and eventually be damaged. Before putting any self-leveling material on the subfloor, it is critical to establish its stability.

Dust And Dirt

Dust and dirt make it difficult for self-leveling compounds to adhere to a subfloor. Before applying a self-leveling compound, the subfloor must be thoroughly cleansed of dust and filth. All dust and dirt must be swept or cleaned off the plywood floor to prevent adherence. The same goes for the removal of paint on a concrete floor. After the dust has been cleared, wipe the floor with a moist sponge and leave it to dry.

Not mixing the compound well.

If mixed with more water, the self-leveling materials can readily break apart. Never attempt to loosen the self-leveling chemical combination by adding more water. Scrape the edges and bottom of the bucket with the drill and mixing paddle to make sure no dry material remains. However, because the compound sets rapidly, just mix for two or three minutes.

There is a large crack or hole on the concrete slab

Most people think that self-leveling concrete will be able to cover up the cracks or the holes that are on the slab, but this is not the case because self-leveling concrete is only made for leveling only. if you are working on a floor that has holes in concrete floors, what have to do you just have to find a concrete sealant, and you can get this through your Amazon stores or any other online stores, 

Wrong water to a compound ratio

I always see newbies who get it wrong here because every time they are doing self-leveling concrete they are always using the wrong proportion of water to the compound and that is why I always advise that you should always check the contents of the manufacturer to check his or her guidelines before applying flooring products.

Primer not done well 

Before applying the leveling compound, it is advised that the concrete surface be prepared with a primer. This is done to increase adhesion with the leveling compound as well as to seal the concrete slab underneath. Before beginning, it is critical to understand the moisture status of the slab. If the moisture level is significant, you should take repair actions before applying any primer or leveling agent, otherwise, you risk flooring breakdown.

Weather conditions

When you are doing self-leveling concrete, weather conditions are always important especially when you are doing self-leveling concrete outdoor environment, some products will advise you to avoid hot dry windy weather conditions because the porcupine roller pattern will sho


In conclusion, self-leveling concrete is an excellent option for creating smooth and level floors, but it is not without its challenges. Curling, cracking, and other forms of surface damage can occur if the substrate is not properly prepared, or if the self-leveling compound is not mixed and applied correctly. To avoid these issues, it is essential to follow best practices for installation, including proper surface preparation, temperature and humidity control, and regular maintenance. By doing so, contractors and homeowners can ensure that self-leveling concrete floors remain stable, durable, and safe for years to come.

michael Morris